An estimated 723,000 Rohingya refugees have fled violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since August 25, 2017. Most of the refugees rely on humanitarian assistance, having left with few possessions and exhausted their financial resources on the journey. The monsoon season begins in May and continues into September, threatening the vast majority of refugees living in makeshift shelters and settlements highly vulnerable to floods and landsides.

To understand the evolving priority needs of the refugees, in July 2018 an inter-agency Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA), coordinated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) with technical support from REACH, was conducted in 31 refugee sites using a household survey methodology.

Results of this MSNA are generalizable to the aggregate level with 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error. This dashboard presents an analysis of data collected from 3,171 households between July 2-31 2018. Produced by REACH, the full July 2018 narrative report, as well as the camp level factsheets can be found via the links below.


Seventy-nine percent (79%) of households with children under 5 reported all of these children having an immunization card. Sixteen percent (16%) of households with children under 5 reported at least one child ill with diarrhoea the two weeks prior to data collection, and the majority of these ill children were treated with ORT, either from a health care provider (boys: 88%; girls: 93%) or through treatment at home (boys: 10%; girls: 7%).
subdirectory_arrow_right CHILDREN UNDER 5


With the monsoon ongoing at the time of assessment, one fifth (19%) of all households surveyed reported damage or destruction of their shelter in the 30 days prior to data collection, largely in the Kutupalong-Balukhali Extension site.

Reported access to fuel distributions varied substantially by camp. On average, 52% of households reported receiving cooking fuel in the 30 days prior to data collection. However, in nine camps, 90% of households or more reported receiving fuel, yet in nine different camps, less than 10% of surveyed households reported receiving fuel. The most commonly reported urgent NFI needs across all camps were fuel (75%), cooking stoves (57%) and solar lamps (53%). These items are also distributed as key NFIs.

*Click on camp for camp specific data subdirectory_arrow_right NON-FOOD ITEMS (NFI)


The majority of households (82%) do not believe there is enough light at night for them to access latrines safely. In order to assess perceptions of security, respondents were asked to identify areas of the camp where men, women, girls, and boys would feel unsafe*. “No areas unsafe” and latrines appear in the top three most common responses across all camps for all ages and genders. “No area unsafe” was the most frequent response for men, women, and boys, and was the third most reported for girls. Latrines were the most reported unsafe area for girls, second most reported area for men and women, and third most reported area for boys. Male respondents generally had a lower level of risk perception compared to females, reporting “no area unsafe” at higher rates for both men, women, boys, and girls.
*Click on camp for camp specific data
subdirectory_arrow_right UNSAFE AREAS


Almost two thirds of children aged 6-14 were reported as attending an NGO-run learning centre in the seven days prior to data collection (boys: 61%, girls: 55%). Numbers were lower for younger children, with 38% of both boys and girls aged 3-5 were reported as attending NGO centres. For children aged 15-17, only 6% of boys and 1% of girls aged 15-17 reported as attending. The majority of children reportedly attending NGO learning centres in the 7 days prior to data collection were also reported as attending religious learning centres in that time.
*Click on camp for camp specific data subdirectory_arrow_right GIRLS ATTENDANCE


The majority (97%) of households reported access to a local market where they could buy food. One third (35%) of all households reported living between five and 15 minutes away from a market by foot, and another third (32%) reported living 15 – 30 minutes walking from a market. One quarter (25%) of all households reported living more than 30 minutes’ walk from a food market. This was most frequently reported in camps furthest from the main road, in the west of the Kutupalong-Balukhali extension site. Ninety-seven percent (97%) of surveyed households across all camps reported receiving food assistance, largely from the UN or the International Committee of the Red Cross (96%)*. (*households could select more than one option)


More than half of households (55%) reported being aware of the role of Cyclone Preparedness Program (CPP) volunteers in their areas. Households plans for cyclone preparation suggest confidence in early preparation measures but confusion on further action. While securing shelters was a widespread preparation measure (76%), findings suggest confusion for next steps, as half of households reported they would stay in their shelter (51%) and a large minority reported they would evacuate their shelter (38%).
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Mahjis were reported as the most common point of contact reported by refugees for both information and feedback. They were the most frequently reported information source that households were aware of (90%) and which they used in the 30 days prior to data collection (73%). Mahjis were also almost the sole feedback mechanisms that households reported using in the 30 days prior to data collection.


Thirty-five percent (35%) of households reported taking on new debts in the 30 days prior to data collection, while three quarters of households reported taking on new debts since arriving in Bangladesh. The median household debt was 4,033 Bangladeshi Taka (BDT). In the 30 days prior to data collection, households reported a median expenditure of 11,421 BDT on goods and services, with the largest 3 expenses on food, clothing, and fuel.

Sixty percent (60%) of households reported no members working to earn an income in the 30 days prior to data collection. Of the 40% of households that reported earning income, the majority (36%) were reliant on a single member to generate income. The most reported type of employment is restaurants (12%), and the median household income for the 30 days prior to data collection was 2,089 BDT.

*Click on camp for camp specific data
subdirectory_arrow_right EXPENDITURES